DACA Latino detained for almost a year, finally released!

Daca Latino detained Tattoo, La Virgen

Tattoo, La Virgen

Close to three-quarters of a million immigrant youth have applied for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). Deferred Action simply means that the Deportation that could be imminent will be deferred to a later time, and every two years these dreamers will have to re-apply and renew DACA. Accusations of “gang membership” are used to deport these youth. Under president-elect Trump, it is uncertain if DACA will continue to be provided, and how to guide the persecution of immigrants will be.

Our client had renewed his DACA already, had been paying taxes for almost three years, attended church, and helped his young nephews with school. Then, suddenly, one cold day in January 2016, he was a victim of an ICE raid; officers broke into his home and detained him – no explanations given.

Unbeknownst to our client, he had been observed online by the NJ Gang-Task-Force, an inter-agency law enforcement group comprised of Immigration, Drug Enforcement Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation and Local Police. One of the agents was tasked with local youths’ activities and postings. Our client’s activity led to the misconception that he was a gang member.

Since 1992 ICE has collaborated closely with the task force. Since 2005, Immigration has used the label of “gang member” to place in removal undocumented youth from the Latino and Asian American communities. Many of these deportees did not have a criminal background or a history of violence.

Urban youth groups, sometimes intermingled with gang culture, thinking its “cool” to act as though they are associated with a gang, although for the most part, they are just seeking social acceptance. Unfortunately, ICE does not see it the same way. ICE began targeting MS-13, and 18th Street gang, but later extended the scope of their targets to include the Latin Kings, Vatos Locos, Mexican Mafia, Bloods, Crips, Spanish Gangster Disciples, La Raza, Border Brothers, Brown Pride, Norteños, Florencia 13, Tiny Rascal, Asian Boyz, and Jamaican Posse.

There are no clear laws or ICE procedures that clarify who is a true gang member, an associate, or a mere fan of the urban culture. However, if anyone posts on social media anything slightly related to street and gang culture, they can be subject to an ICE raid and, subsequently, persecution. Be careful with what you post!

Immigration Judge Tadal in the Elizabeth Immigration court provided a complete review of our client’s history and accepted our request for bond. She offered a very fair review and an opinion finding that our client lacked any criminal or violent history and that there was sufficient evidence to show he is not a danger to the community. The role of community organizations and experts continues to be vital. No legal representation could be fully complete if the city is not involved in helping those who are detained. United We Dream and Unidad Latina en Accion were instrumental in obtaining the release of not only this DACAmented youth, as well as Joshua Mason who shared with the court his experience rehabilitating youth from gang influence.

According to the White House, the U.S. could see its GDP level increase by 0.4 percent, or $90 billion in real GDP, by 2014 if Obama’s Deferred Action for Parental Accountability (DAPA) and expanded Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) programs are implemented. DACA has changed many lives across the nation; it has allowed families to purchase homes and cars, and even go into higher education.

Unfortunately, DACA is not the end of the story. Immigrant communities continue to demand more accountability for ICE abuses and a more permanent solution to integrate immigrants into society.

 

Whitehouse Report: https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/cea_2014_economic_effects_of_immigration_executive_action.pdf

Immigration Report: https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/USCIS/Resources/Reports%20and%20Studies/Immigration%20Forms%20Data/All%20Form%20Types/DACA/I821d_performancedata_fy2016_qtr2.pdf

Gang Expert: Joshua Mason

www.jmasonconsulting.com/

Argumento de Acción Ejecutiva Programado para Abril.

Indocumentados en ProtestaIndocumentados en ProtestaLa Acción Ejecutiva del Presidente Obama DACA -programa de extensión de Acción Diferida para dreamers y DAPA- programa de acción diferida para padres de ciudadanos o residentes permanentes en Estados Unidos,  anunciada el 20 de noviembre de 2014 protege alrededor de 5 millones de indocumentados, suspende la deportación y autoriza permisos de trabajo. En términos de acciones ejecutivas en la historia, en el área de inmigración, esta tal vez sería la mejor. Abogados y organizaciones en todo el pais continúan educando la comunidad y notificando sobre precauciones en respecto a posibles estafas.

Se planeaba que la extensión DACA entraría en efecto el 18 de febrero de 2015. Debido a la demanda interpuesta  el 3 de diciembre de 2014 por 26 estados entre ellos Texas, Alabama, Carolina del Norte, Carolina del Sur, Dakota del Sur, Dakota del norte, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, Utah, Virginia Occidental, Wisconsin,  Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Michigan, Tennessee, Ohio y Oklahoma, en contra de la  acción ejecutiva, un juez federal de Texas (Andrew S. Hanen) ordenó la suspensión temporal de esta acción ejecutiva en Febrero 16, del 2015. New Jersey ha entrado también, como un estado en contra de la acción del presidente.  Dando como resultado el aplazo de los beneficios para más de 5 millones de indocumentados en todo el país.

Actualmente la Corte de Apelaciones del Quinto Circuito en Nueva Orleans, Louisiana fijó fecha de audiencia para 17 de abril solicitado por el Departamento de Justicia (DOJ) para desbloquear la Acción Ejecutiva del Presidente Barack Obama. Los abogados de inmigración de Diaspora Law, tenemos la fe y espera que aunque un poco retrasada, DACA y DAPA serán eventualmente aprobadas.

La Nueva Acción Diferida Para Menores Y Para Padres de Ciudadanos

Presiden Obama SignsEl Presidente ya había prometido desde la campaña del 2008 que era hora de una reforma inmigratoria comprensiva.  Ahora el Presidente ha usado los poderes que la constitución le otorgan a su oficina para proclamar una serie de acciones ejecutivas que re-empiezan la conversación de la reforma inmigratoria, y acciones que a la vez ayudan a 4 millones de personas a obtener documentación. Este no es el Dream Act, tampoco es una ley nueva.

La nueva acción ejecutiva incluye áreas de seguridad fronteriza, eficiencia en las peticiones de inmigración, deportaciones más fuertes,  y la expansión del programa de trabajo de los estudiantes extranjeros.

Las áreas más importantes del nuevo anuncio son la expansión del programa de Acción Diferida para Menores, y la nueva Acción Diferida para Padres. Desafortunadamente los padres de los Dreamers no serían incluidos en este programa.

Los requisitos de Acción Diferida del 2012 pedían que la persona llegara antes de los 16 a Estados Unidos, y fuse no mayor de 31 años en el 2012, también que acabaran de estudiar la Escuela o consiguieran un GED, además de tener un record libre de arrestos graves. Estas personas tenían que haber llegado antes de Junio del 2007 a Estados Unidos.

El programa de Acción Diferida para menores ahora se expande, para incluir a personas que llegaron antes del Enero 1ro del 2010 sin importar la edad que tengan ahora.

El Nuevo programa también crea la Acción Diferida para Padres de Ciudadanos, los cuales recibirían permisos de trabajo con tal de que paguen impuestos, y no hayan tenido mayores inconvenientes con la justicia. Estos padres también deben demostrar que llegaron antes de Enero 1ro del 2010, y prueba que sus hijos nacieron antes de Noviembre 20 del 2014.

La Casa Blanca reporto que la nueva versión de DACA estaría lista en 90 días, y la DAPA (Acción Diferida para Padres), estaría lista en 180 días del anuncio Presidencial.  Mientras tanto las familias pueden buscar evidencia y entrevistando abogados para decidir de qué manera proceder y si esta aplicación es la mejor opción para ellos.

Hay que tener en cuenta que la lucha alrededor del país continúa para proteger aún más personas que quedan desamparadas de esta propuesta. Igualmente, las iniciativas en varios estados de proveer licencias de conducir para indocumentados, y pensiones estatales para las Universidad  del Estado aún están pendientes y son mas importantes que nunca.

New Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals and for Parents of Citizens – DACA and DAPA

The President promised in 2008 that it was time to reform the immigration system, but unfortunately, due to congressional inaction, comprehensive immigration reform has not passed. The President has used the powers of his office to issue a series of executive actions that re-start the conversation of comprehensive immigration reform and will aid over 4 million to obtain documentation. This is not the Dream Act and is not a new law.

The New Executive Action embraces areas of border security, efficiency in immigration petitions, tougher removal proceedings, and an expansion of the post-study program for foreign students.

An Expanded Deferred Action for Children (DACA) and a new Deferred Action for Parents of Citizens (DAPA) are the flagships of the President’s move. Unfortunately, parents of the Dreamers will not be eligible under the current proposal.

The 2012 program provided work authorizations to people, that arrived before age 16, and who were under age 31; that finished high school or obtained a GED and had no major criminal incidents. Previous to the current announcement, the individuals had to have arrived before 2007 to the United States.

The 2014 Deferred Action for children is expanded including people who arrived before January 1, 2010, regardless of how old they are today.

The 2014 program will also allow parents of U.S. Citizens to obtain work authorization as long as they “pay taxes” and pass a background check. To be eligible, these parents should have arrived before January 1, 2010, and prove that their child was born before Nov 20, 2014.

The White House reported that the new DACA would be available within 90 days of the executive action, and the DAPA (Deferred Action for Parents) will begin 180 days. In the meantime, families may begin gathering evidence, and interview attorneys to decide how to proceed, and if this application is the best option for them.

Do consider that the struggle continues around the county to protect the people left without benefit from the new proposal. The multiple initiatives around the nation that include, driving licenses to undocumented people, as well as in-state tuition for students are important legislative packages that need approval now more than ever.

 

DACA and DAPA immigration reform goals table

The Blury Path of Immigration Reform, a New Hope for Immigrant Youth

press_3Potential applicants and beneficiaries of immigration reform are hopeful for favorable changes in the system for 2013. Mainly, ensuring that a new legislation creates a path to citizenship for over 11 million undocumented people who contribute every day to their communities. The current administration, however, has to understand the clear demands of organized groups, and boldly disregard the stubborn blockade immigration reform pushed by radical groups. It is important for individuals to join local and national organization and ensure that the push for reform does not stop while other political battles take place in Washington.

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New Rule Allows Immigrants to Stay With U.S. Citizen Family Members

Family Reunification Act is helping illegal immigrants gain a green card to stay with their family members in the United States. On January 2, 2013, the Obama administration ruled that thousands of foreign spouses and children who are in the country illegally can stay with their U.S. citizen family members while applying for green cards. The Family Reunification Act is an effort that hopes to reduce the amount of time that families are separated from one another because of deportation. The administration announced the proposal last year but sought comments for several months before making it a rule to be published in the Federal Register. The policy will officially take effect on March 4.

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